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|Single side stable type||1 coil latching type||2 coil latching type|
A black coil represents the energized state. For latching relays, schematic diagrams generally show the coil in its reset state. Therefore, the coil symbol is also shown for the reset coil in its reset state.
A single value (or narrow range) of source voltage intended by design to be applied to the coil or input.
The value of current flow in the coil when nominal voltage is impressed on the coil
The value of power used by the coil at nominal voltage. For DC coils expressed in watts; AC expressed as volt amperes. Nominal Power (W or VA) = Nominal Voltage × Nominal Current.
This is the DC resistance of the coil in DC type relays for the temperature conditions listed in the catalog. (Note that for certain types of relays, the DC resistance may be for temperatures other than the standard 20°C 68°F.)
As the voltage on an unoperated relay is increased, the value at or below which all contacts must function (transfer).
As the voltage on an operated relay is decreased, the value at or above which all contacts must revert to their unoperated position.
The maximum voltage that can be applied continuously to the coil without causing damage. Short duration spikes of a higher voltage may be tolerable, but this should not be assumed without first checking with the manufacturer.
Denotes the contact mechanism and number of contacts in the contact circuit.
|Form A contacts
(normally open contacts)
|Form B contacts
(normally closed contacts)
|Form C contacts
Form A contacts are also called N.O. contacts or make contacts.
Form B contacts are also called N.C. contacts or break contacts.
Form C contacts are also called changeover contacts or transfer contacts.
Abbreviation for make-before-break contacts. Contact mechanism where Form A contacts (normally open contacts) close before Form B contacts open (normally closed contacts).
The design value in watts (DC) or volt amperes (AC) which can safely be switched by the contacts. This value is the product of switching voltage x switching current, and will be lower than the maximum voltage and maximum current product.
The maximum open circuit voltage which can safely be switched by the contacts. AC and DC voltage maximums will differ in most cases.
The maximum current which can safely be switched by the contacts. AC and DC current maximums may differ.
The upper limit of power which can be switched by the contacts. Care should be taken not to exceed this value.
This is listed in the data column for each type of relay as the maximum value of the contact capacity and is an interrelationship of the maximum switching power, maximum switching voltage, and maximum switching current. The switching current and switching voltage can be obtained from this graph. For example, if the switching voltage is fixed in a certain application, the maximum switching current can be obtained from the intersection between the voltage on the axis and the maximum switching power.
This value is a guideline as to the lowest possible level at which it will be possible for a low level load to allow switching. The level of reliability of this value depends on switching frequency, ambient conditions, change in the desired contact resistance, and the absolute value. Please use a relay with AgPd contacts if your needs analog low level loads, control, or a contact resistance of 100 mΩ or less. We recommend that you verify with one of our sales offices regarding usage.
This value is the combined resistance of the resistance when the contacts are touching each other, the resistance of the terminals and contact spring. The contact resistance is measured using the voltage-drop method as shown below. The measuring currents are designated.
|Rated Contact Current or Switching Current (A)||Test Current(mA)|
|Less than 0.01||1|
|0.01 or more and less than 0.1||10|
|0.1 or more and less than 1||100|
|1 or more||1,000|
The resistance can be measured with reasonable accuracy on a YHP 4328A milliohmmeter.
In general, for relays with a contact rating of 1A or more, measure using the voltage-drop method at 1A 6V DC.
The maximum current which after closing or prior to opening, the contacts can safely pass without being subject to temperature rise in excess of their design limit, or the design limit of other temperature sensitive components in the relay (coil, springs, insulation, etc.). This value is usually in excess of the maximum switching current.
This value is measured between the terminals at 1kHz and 20°C 68°F.
The resistance value between all mutually isolated conducting sections of the relay, i.e. between coil and contacts, across open contacts and between coil or contacts to any core or frame at ground potential. This value is usually expressed as "initial insulation resistance" and may decrease with time, due to material degradation and the accumulation of contaminants.
- Between coil and contacts
- Between open contacts
- Between contact sets
- Between set coil and reset coil
The maximum voltage which can be tolerated by the relay without damage for a specified period of time, usually measured at the same points as insulation resistance. Usually the stated value is in VAC (RMS) for one minute duration.
The ability of the device to withstand an abnormal externally produced power surge, as in a lightning strike, or other phenomenon. An impulse test waveform is usually specified, indicating rise time, peak value and fall time.
The elapsed time from the initial application of power to the coil, until the closure of the Form A (normally open) contacts. (With multiple pole devices the time until the last contact closes.) This time does not include any bounce time.
The elapsed time from the initial removal of coil power until the reclosure of the Form B (normally closed) contacts (last contact with multi-pole). This time does not include any bounce time.
Generally expressed in time (ms), this refers to the intermittent switching phenomenon of the contacts which occurs due to the collision between the movable metal parts or contacts, when the relay is operated or released.
The shock which can be tolerated by the relay during service, without causing the closed contacts to open for more than the specified time or without causing the open contacts to close for more than the specified time. (usually 10 μs)
The shock which can be withstood by the relay during shipping or installation without it suffering damage, and without causing a change in its operating characteristics. Usually expressed in "G"s. However, test was performed a total of 18 times, six times each in three-axis directions.
The vibration which can be tolerated by the relay during service, without causing the closed contacts to open for more than the specified time or without causing the open contacts to close for more than the specified time. (usually 10 μs)
The vibration which can be withstood by the relay during shipping, installation or use without it suffering damage, and without causing a change in its operating characteristics. Expressed as an acceleration in G's or displacement, and frequency range. However, test was performed a total of six hours, two hours each in three-axis directions.
The minimum number of times the relay can be operated under nominal conditions (coil voltage, temperature, humidity, etc.) with no load on the contacts.
The minimum number of times the relay can be operated under nominal conditions with a specific load being switched by the contacts.
This refers to the maximum switching frequency which satisfies the mechanical life or electrical life under repeated operations by applying a pulse train at the rated voltage to the operating coil.
This is listed in the data column for each type of relay. The life (number of operations) can be estimated from the switching voltage and switching current. For example, for a DS relay operating at:
Switching voltage = 125V AC
Switching current = 0.6A
The life expectancy is 300,000
operations. However, this value is for a resistive load. Be sure to carefully check the actual load before use.
High frequency signals leak through the stray capacitance across contacts even if the contacts are separated. This leak is called isolation. The symbol dB (decibel) is used to express the magnitude of the leak signal. This is expressed as the logarithm of the magnitude ratio of the signal generated by the leak with respect to the input signal. The larger the magnitude, the better the isolation.
At the high frequency region, signal disturbance occurs from self-induction, resistance, and dielectric loss as well as from reflection due to impedance mismatching in circuits. Loss due to any of these types of disturbances is called insertion loss. Therefore, this refers to the magnitude of loss of the input signal. The smaller the magnitude, the better the relay.
High frequency resonance is generated from the interference between the input signal and reflected (wave) signal.
V.S.W.R. refers to the ratio of the maximum value to minimum value of the waveform. The V.S.W.R. is 1 when there is no reflected wave. It usually becomes greater than 1.
|1.||Except where otherwise specified, the tests above are conducted under standard temperature and humidity (15°C to 35°C 59°F to 95°F, 25 to 75%).|
|2.||The coil impressed voltage in the switching tests is a rectangular wave at the rated voltage.|
|3.||The phase of the AC load operation is random.|
|JP||1.1MB||January 31, 2019|
|Definition of Relay Terminology
Power Relays(Over 2A),Safty Relays,Signal Relays(2A or less),Microwave Devices,Control Panel Relays,High-capacity DC Cutoff Relays and Interface Terminal.
|EN||52.6KB||February 28, 2014|
|继电器用语说明||CN-Simplified||847.6KB||August 9, 2019|
|Use MOSFETs in output elements. Semiconductor relay for AC and DC load control.|
|Power Relays (Over 2A)|
|Mechanical relay with greater than 2A nominal switching capacity that is ideal for power supply applications.|
|Safety relay ideal for safety circuit construction , with forcibly guided contact structure.|
|Solid State Relays|
|Semiconductor relay ideal for heater control, etc. SSR (Solid State Relay)|
|Signal Relays (2A or less)|
|Mechanical relay ideal for signal control, etc., with less than 2A nominal switching capacity.|
|Lineup spans from relays to coaxial switches. High-frequency devices that support high bandwidth frequencies.|
|Relays for automotive electrics that includes plug-in PCB type.|
|Control Panel Relays|
|Relays for general purpose switching (Various types are prepared for multiple applications)|
|High-capacity DC Cutoff Relays|
|400 V DC high voltage switching possible. Up to 300 A current capacity type available.|
|Optical switches that make high-speed optical communication switching possible.|
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