|Single side stable type
2.Rated Coil Voltage
The voltage applied to the operating coil during normal use of the relay. The expected life and other guaranteed values are based on the rated coil voltage.
3.Rated Operating Current
The value of current flow in the coil when rated voltage is applied on the coil
4.Rated Operating Power
The value of power used by the coil at rated voltage.
(Rated Operating Power = Rated Coil Voltage × Rated Operating Current.)
This is the DC resistance of the coil in DC type relays for the temperature conditions listed in the catalog. (Note that for certain types of relays, the DC resistance may be for temperatures other than the standard 20°C 68°F.)
6.Operate (Set) Voltage
As the voltage on an unoperated relay is increased, the value which all contacts must function.
7.Release (Reset) Voltage
As the voltage on an operated relay is decreased, the value which all contacts must revert to their unoperated position. In the catalog, operate voltage and release voltage values are usually indicated for when the temperature condition is 20°C 68°F, however, for some relays, the values are indicated for when the temperature condition is 25°C 77°F.
8.Maximum Applied Voltage
The maximum voltage within the allowable range that can be applied to the operating coil. Continuous operation at this maximum value, however, is not allowable. Since the value depends on the ambient temperature, for each type, please check the value listed in the catalog.
Denotes the contact mechanism and number of contacts in the contact circuit.
3.Rated Switching Capacity
Derived from the contact voltage and contact current, this is the reference value that determines the performance of the switching section.
4.Maximum Carrying Current
The maximum value for carrying current through the contact section. It is necessary to pay attention to carrying conditions during use.
5.Continuous Carrying Current
The current that, when the contact is closed, without raising beyond the specified limits the temperature of the relay contact and all other parts, can continuously carrying the contact section.
This value is the combined resistance of the resistance when the contacts are touching each other, the resistance of the terminals and contact spring. The contact resistance is measured using the voltage-drop method as shown below. The measuring currents are designated.
|Rated Contact Current or
Switching Current (A)
|Test Current (mA)
|1 or more
In general, for relays with a contact rating of 1A or more, measure using the voltage-drop method at 1A 6V DC.
The resistance value between all mutually isolated conducting sections of the relay, i.e. between coil and contacts, across open contacts and between coil or contacts to any core or frame at ground potential. This value is for the relay alone, and does not take into consideration the solder land on the PC board or other factors.
- 1.Between contact and coil: between all contact terminals and coil terminals
- 2.Between open contacts: between open contact terminals
- 3.Between contact sets: between contact sets terminals
When a high voltage is applied for 1 minute at the same points where insulated resistance is measured, the limit value for non-occurrence of dielectric breakdown. Leakage current is usually set at 10 mA. In special cases, however, it may be set at 1 mA or 3 mA.
3.Operate (Set) Time
The elapsed time from the initial application of power to the coil, until the closure of the Form A (normally open) contacts. This time does not include any bounce time.
4.Release (Reset) Time
The elapsed time from the initial removal of coil power until the reclosure of the Form B (normally closed) contacts. This time does not include any bounce time. Or, for relays with only Form A contact (1 Form A, 2 Form A), the time taken until the contact opens.
5.Contact Bounce (Time)
Generally expressed in time (ms), this refers to the intermittent switching phenomenon of the contacts which occurs due to the collision between the movable metal parts or contacts, when the relay is operated or released.
Shock resistance is categorized as either functional shock or destructive shock, which are defined below.
The shock which can be tolerated by the relay during operation, without causing the closed contacts to open for more than the specified time. The contact opening time itself is specified as 10 μs or less.
The shock which can be withstood by the relay during shipping, installation or use without it suffering damage, and without causing a change in its operating characteristics.
Testing is carried out with shock forces applied along each of the three axial directions.
Vibration resistance is categorized as either functional vibration or destructive vibration, which are defined below.
The vibration which can be tolerated by the relay during service, without causing the closed contacts to open for more than the specified time. Here, the contact opening time value, is the same as for functional shock.
The vibration which can be withstood by the relay during shipping, installation or use without it suffering damage, and without causing a change in its operating characteristics. Expressed as an acceleration in G’s or displacement, and frequency range. However, test was performed a total of six hours, two hours each in three-axis directions.
The number of times the relay can be operated under nominal conditions with no load on the contacts.
The number of times the relay can be operated under nominal conditions with a specific load being switched by the contacts.
5.Maximum Switching Frequency
This refers to the maximum switching frequency which satisfies the mechanical life or electrical life under repeated operations by applying a pulse train at the rated voltage to the operating coil.
- 1.Except where otherwise specified, the tests above are conducted under JIS standard temperature and humidity (15°C to 35°C 59°F to 95°F, 25 to 85%).
- 2.The coil applied voltage in the switching tests is a rectangular wave at the rated voltage.