PIR Motion Sensor PaPIRs Cautions for Use

Basic principles

PaPIRs are pyroelectric infrared sensors that detect variations in infrared rays. However, detection may not be successful in the following cases: lack of movement or no temperature change in the heat source. They could also detect the presence of heat sources other than a human body. Efficiency and reliability of the system may vary depending on the actual operating conditions:

1.Detecting heat sources other than the human body, such as:

a) small animals entering the detection area

b) When a heat source, for example sun light, incandescent lamp, car headlights etc., or strong light beam hit the sensor regardless whether the detection area is inside or outside.

c) Sudden temperature change inside or around the detection area caused by hot or cold wind from HVAC, or vapor from a humidifier, etc.

2.Difficulty in sensing the heat source

a) Glass, acrylic or similar materials standing between the target and the sensor may not allow a correct transmission of infrared rays.

b) Non-movement or quick movements of the heat source inside the detection area. (Please refer to the table on "Dimensions / Detection zone" page for details about movement speed.)

3.Expansion of the detection area

In case of a considerable difference in the ambient temperature and the human body temperature, the detection area may be larger than the configured detection area.

4.Malfunction / Detection error

On rare occasions, an erroneous detection signal may be output due to the nature of pyroelectric element. When the application cannot tolerate erroneous detection signals, take countermeasures by introducing a pulse-count circuit, etc.

5.Detection distance

Panasonic's PIR Motion sensors state the detection distance in the specifications because they are usually provided with the lens (please refer to item 6 for lensless types). The PIR Motion sensor could detect variations in infrared rays however such variations are decided by following three factors.

  • The temperature difference between the target and the surroundings: The larger the temperature difference, the easier it is to detect targets.
  • Movement speed: If the target is moving at a slower or faster speed than specified in the tables, the detection ability may be lower.
  • Target size: The human body is the standard. If the target is smaller or larger than specified in the table, the detection ability may be lower.

The detection distance explained in our data sheet is defined by the three factors mentioned above. Panasonic's standard for the temperature difference between the target and the surrounding is defined as 4°C. The larger the temperature difference, the longer the detection distance. If the temperature difference is 8°C, which is twice as much as the standard, the detection distance will be approx. 1.4 times longer than the distance at 4 °C. For example, if targets at a distance of 5m can be detected at 4 °C, then the sensor can detect targets at a distance of 7m at 8°C. (This is based on the theory that the detection sensitivity will vary inversely with the square of the distance.)

6.Lensless type

The lensless type cannot detect any targets because it is not possible to focus infrared variations into the sensor chip. It is not possible to determine the detection distance and the field of view without a lens. Please provide your own lens based on your lens design concept.

7.Lens material and the plate setting in front of the lens

Typically, the only material that can be passed by infrared rays is Polyethylene. (The lens material of Panasonic's PIR Motion sensors is "High density polyethylene, HDPE".) When you need to set a plate in front of the lens, please choose one made from the Polyethylene. Please note the thickness or color of the plate will affect the detection ability, e.g. it may make the detection distance shorter. Therefore, please confirm by testing the sensor with the plate under realistic conditions.


1.Refer to the newest specification regarding optimal operating environment conditions.

2.Do not solder with a soldering iron above 350°C (662°F) or for more than 3 seconds. This sensor should be hand-soldered.

3.To maintain stability of the product, always mount it on a printed circuit board.

4.Do not use liquids to wash the sensor. If washing fluid gets into the lens, it can reduce the performance.

5.Do not use a sensor after it has fallen on the ground.

6.The sensor may be damaged by ±200 volts of static electricity.
Avoid direct hand contact with the pins and be very careful when operating the product.

7.When wiring the product, always use shielded cables and minimize the wiring length to prevent noise disturbances.

8.The inner circuit board can be destroyed by a voltage surge.
The use of surge absorption elements is highly recommended.

Surge resistance: below the power supply voltage value indicated in the section on maximum rated values.

9.Please use a stabilized power supply. Noise from the power supply can cause operating errors.

Noise resistance: max. ±20V (square waves with a width of 50ns or 1μs)

 To reduce the effect of noise from the power supply, install a capacitor on the sensor's power supply pin.

10.Operation errors can be caused by noise from static electricity, lightnings, cell phones, amateur radio, broadcasting offices, etc

11.The detection performance can be reduced by dirt on the lens, please be careful.

12.The lens is made of soft materials (Polyethylene).
Please avoid adding weight or impacts that may change its shape, causing operation errors or reduced performance.

13.The specified temperature and humidity levels are suggested to prolong usage. However, they do not guarantee durability or environmental resistance. Generally, high temperatures or high humidity levels will accelerate the deterioration of electrical components. Please consider both the planned usage and environment to determine the expected reliability and length of life of the product.

14.Do not attempt to clean this product with detergents or solvents such as benzene or alcohol, as these can cause shape or color alterations.

15.Avoid storage in high, low temperature or liquid environments.
Also, avoid storage in environments containing corrosive gas, dust, salty air etc. Adverse conditions may cause performance deterioration and the sensor's main part or the metallic connectors could be damaged.

16.Storage conditions

Temperature: +5 to +40°C humidity: 30 to 75%

 Please use within 1 year after delivery.

Safety precautions

  • Obey the following precautions to prevent injury or accidents.

1.Do not use these sensors under any circumstance in which the range of their ratings, environment conditions or other specifications are exceeded. Using the sensors in any way which causes their specifications to be exceeded may generate abnormally high levels of heat, emit smoke, etc., resulting in damage to the circuitry and possibly causing an accident.

2.Our company is committed to making products of the highest quality and reliability. Nevertheless, all electrical components are subject to natural deterioration, and durability of a product will depend on the operating environment and conditions of use. Continued use after such deterioration could lead to overheating, smoke or fire. Always use the product in conjunction with proper fire-prevention, safety and maintenance measures to avoid accidents, reduction in product life expectancy or break-down.

3.Before connecting, check the pin layout by referring to the connector wiring diagram, specifications diagram, etc., to verify that the connector is connected properly. Mistakes made in connection may cause unforeseen problems in operation, generate abnormally high levels of heat, emit smoke, etc., resulting in damage to the circuitry.

4.Do not use any motion sensor which has been disassembled or remodeled.

5.Failure modes of sensors include short-circuiting, open-circuiting and temperature rises. If this sensor is to be used in equipment where safety is a prime consideration, examine the possible effects of these failures on the equipment concerned, and ensure safety by providing protection circuits or protection devices.

Example : Safety equipment and devices, traffic signals, burglar and disaster prevention devices, controlling and safety device for trains and motor vehicles

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